Mickey was created in 1928, after Walt Disney had had to leave his first character, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit to its producer. The first short films that feature Mickey Mouse are mainly drawn by Ub Iwerks, with the Walt Disney Studios Disney (installed in the studio at Hyperion Avenue). Mickey Mouse later became a character in comics, feature films, television series and a myriad of products.
Mickey Mouse is a anthropomorphic mouse . Before his the first appearance he was named Mortimer Mouse by Walt, but Disney's wife did not like this little name and suggested Mickey. For the Walt Disney Company, the mouse's official date of birth as 18 November 1928, when the first "public presentation" of the cartoon Steamboat Willie.
The character is also famous for his falsetto voice. That Walt Disney himself gave voice to the original character of Mickey, the first cartoon to 1946, the year in which Disney Jim MacDonald appointed to replace him, due to a problem of chronic cough with smoking. Jim MacDonald is then replaced by Wayne Allwine, from 1983.
Mickey is often accompanied by his friend Goofy and Pluto the dog. It forges a romance with Minnie, another mouse was born with him. Mickey did not stay long on the screens only. It appears in newspapers daily comics since 13 January 1930. This publication is distributed by King Features Syndicate, scripted by Walt Disney and drawn by Ub Iwerks.
To emphasize the importance of Mickey in the global adventure of the universe Disney, Walt Disney said, about his character: "What I hope is that we not lose sight of thing: it all started with a mouse. "
Mickey's story is very rich, mainly during the early years. His appearance, just before the 1930s coincides with a multitude of technical developments in the film, occurred from the 1920s. The birth of the character also stems circumstances.
Mickey was created in 1928 to replace the character Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, Walt lost against his will. The rabbit, created in early 1927 under the pen of Iwerks, was produced by Disney studios under contract with Charles Mintz and distributed by Universal Pictures. After nearly a year of existence, Oswald is relatively popular and earns money.
In February 1928, Walt Disney went to New York to negotiate with Mintz a share of income more important for each film. But he is stunned - Leonard Mosley says: "incensed perfidy, heart broken by disloyalty" - when the businessman announced that he not only wants to reduce its share, but that in addition he contracted most of its major leaders. Mintz threatens Disney to create his own studio if it does not reduce its production costs. Furthermore, it is Universal, not Disney, who, because of a contract signed by a little quickly Walt, the trademark on Oswald the Rabbit, which means it may well happen to to make his films.
Disney refuses and loses much of its animation team. He, Iwerks and some "faithful" (including Clark) began to work secretly on a new character to replace Oswald the Rabbit, while the rest of the team continues production of Oswald. Among the leaders who do not leave, some are not in the confidence of the birth of this new character like Johnny Cannon. Walt will never forget this setback and in the future take care to ensure the holding of rights on each creation.Works Cited:
Kenworthy, John The Hand Behind the Mouse, Disney Editions: